BANDA ACEH, THE HEART OF PROVINCE. The capital city of Aceh is Banda Aceh which was established on April 22, 1205 by Sultan Alaidin Johansyah, located 17 km from Sulthan Iskandar Muda Airport, it takes about 20 minutes to get there by taxi.

On the way to Banda Aceh downtown, we could see the office of Aceh Governor and TAMAN RATU SYAFIATUDDIN which furnished with many kinds of traditional Houses representing the architecture of typical house of different aceh regions, was located just next to governor office.


Baiturrahman is a great mosque located at the heart of Banda Aceh,
The mosque with a very fascinating architecture “ five dome in black color and four minarets in white color ‘ now standing on a green landscape elegantly as a landmark of the Province.

Sitting in a vast expanse of green fields, the white washed walls and minerals, and charcoal blacks domes of the Grand Mosque are the most famous landmark in Aceh. The Great of Baiturrahman Mosque is the main feature of Banda Aceh today. Lying at the heart of the city completed with excellent architectural style, this mosque is really one of Indonesia prime tourism sides. The Mosque was built in 12 Century and had caught fire several time include when the Dutch attacked Kutaraja (Banda Aceh) in 1873. Another mosque to replace the former one was later built by Dutch Military Government that was completed in 1883. The Mosque is extra ordinary in architecture and ornamentation. It has five onion shaped domes, two tall mine rates, wide white walls, and around is pillars various kinds of beautiful ornament.

Salahuddin graveyard in Bitay-Turkey village

Negeri Aceh Museum

Negeri Aceh Museum is situated in Sultan Alaidin Mahmud Syah street, it is a best place to knows much about Aceh cultural history. Inside the museum exhibits antique things as ceramics, weapons, and many cultural equipment like custom clothes, jewelry, khaligraphy (Islamic ornament), kitchen equips, etc.
The most interesting collection is a big bell called “Lonceng Cakra Donya”, a gift from China Grand-Duke (Ming Emperor, in the 15th century) for Sultan Aceh that was delivered by a Chinese Moslem, Admiral Cheng Ho in 1414, we could read an inscription on the bell : “Sing Fang Niat Toeng Juut Kat”.
In this complex there is also ‘Rumoh Aceh’ House that was built by Dutch Governor Van Swart in 1941 in a typical aceh’s house architecture. In the western of Museum or northern of Aceh House of Custom there is grave yard complex of Aceh Sultans.

Cakra Donya Bell

Gunongan and Taman Putroe Phang

Gunongan had erected by Sultan Iskandar Muda (1607 - 36) as a private playground and bathing place for this wife Putro Phang (From Malaysia). This whimsical architectural fantasy had access to the sultan's palace through the traditional 'Pintu Aceh', used by royalty only. This building likely functioned as an important recreational peace located in the Taman Sari Park for the Queen and other royal family members to climb. It is quite enjoyable to visit this place during the late afternoon or sunset.


Pinto Khop - Taman Putroe Phang

Cut Nya' Dhien House

The house is a replica of the heroine Cut Nyak Dhien House, from the Aceh War. The colonial forces burned down the house but a replica was built later. This house in Lam Pisang, about 6 kilometers from Banda Aceh, now is a museum. The house is located in Lampisang Village, Lhok Nga subdistrict, Greater Aceh district. Although Lhok Nga was the area worst hit by tsunami, the Tjut Nyak Dhien House survived. The daughter of a chieftain, Tjut Nyak Dhien joined the fight against the Dutch invaders in 1875. Her first husband fell in battle, and she remarried. When her second husband also died fighting, she continued the struggle with her children. After six years in the jungle, she was captured by the Dutch and exiled to West Java where she passed away in 1906. Tjut Nyak Dhien is recognized as one of the National Warriors of Indonesia.

Cut Nya' Dhien House


The Monument was erected to commemorate the heroic donation of the Acehnese to the central Government of the Republic of Indonesia became independent in 1945, the Dutch intended to reoccupy the country. In the ensuring struggle in 1949, the Republic of Indonesia was badly in need of an airplane to open the blockade of the enemy as much area had been already fallen into their hands. Mr. Soekarno, the president of the Indonesia at that time.

Urgently requested that Aceh people to donate the money for an airplane. A Douglas DC-3 was bought shortly afterwards, and paid for with Acehnese Gold. This very early plane was the precursor of Garuda Indonesia fleet, which nowadays is the biggest airline in Indonesia.

Seulawah - Indonesian First Airplane.

Dutch Building

A Former Dutch Building, now use as BANK INDONESIA. Banda Aceh, Indonesia.

A Former Dutch Guard House at Banda Aceh

Catholic church Hati Kudus, view from Pante Pirak Bridge

This Governor's Residence building has built by the Dutch in 1880 on the spot where the palace of the sultan once stood. This building is known as one of the historical sites with a unique architecture and completed with traditional house equipments.

The Governor's Residence


KERKHOFF or WAR MEMORIAL CEMETERY or known by local peoples as PEUCUT KERKHOFF, a place where more than 2,000 Dutch soldiers who died in an Aceh War were been buried in this graveyards, located just at a reverse side of Gunongan
in Teuku Umar Street but the entrance gate was in front of south eastern corner of Blang Padang. At the walls of the Kerkhoff entrance gate you could see the names list of the persons whose been buried which also written where and when they died

Kerkhoff-Dutch soldiers graveyards Banda Aceh


ULEE LHEUE is a shore line facing to Malacca straits, when tsunami hits Banda Aceh in December 26, 2004 the beach line and the village nearby was severely damage and vanished by a 10 meters high tidal wave. Now the local government build a new Seaport at Ulee Lheue and if you have a plan to visit Sabang and Weh island you could take a Ro-Ro Ferry or speed boat from Ulee Lheue. On the other hand Ulee Lheue beach was still keep its enchanting beauty, almost every day the attendants come to this place to enjoy the blue horizon of sky and sea, to see a beautiful sunset in the afternoon and enjoy the weekend until late of the night.
source : http://acehbeach.blogspot.com

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